Scales

Supernatural Belief Scale (10 items)

The Supernatural Belief Scale (Jong et al., 2013) is an essentially unidimensional measure designed and validated to measure individuals' tendencies to believe in supernatural agents, entities, and events. The SBS-10 is to be presented in fixed order. For the German and Croatian version of the SBS-10, and other information about translating the SBS, please contact me

Download SBS-10

The reference for the SBS-10 is: 

Jong, J., Bluemke, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2013). Fear of death and supernatural beliefs: developing a new Supernatural Belief Scale to test the relationship. European Journal of Personality27, 495—506.

 

 

Supernatural Belief Scale (6 items)

The SBS-6 is adapted for cross-cultural use. It has marginally weaker predictive power than the SBS-10, but should be used particularly for non-Abrahamic contexts. The SBS-6 is to be presented in fixed order. 

Download SBS-6

 The SBS-6 has also been translated into various other languages. If you would like to help to improve these translation or generate new ones, please get in touch!

Chinese (Simplified) SBS

German SBS

Hangul SBS

Hindi SBS

Bahasa Indonesia SBS

Japanese (Hiragana) SBS

Portuguese SBS

Russian SBS

Tagalog SBS

Tamil SBS

Thai SBS

Turkish SBS

The reference for the SBS-6 is: 

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: an existential psychology of religion. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.

 

Existential Death Anxiety Scale

The Existential Death Anxiety Scale is a 12-item measure with a two-factor structure. The first factor is General Death Anxiety (GDA); the second factor is Existential Death Anxiety (EDA). Existential death anxiety is essentially the fear of not existing. These two factors are highly correlated.  The EDAS may be used as a single 12-item measure, or two 6-item measures.

Download EDAS

Download psychometric information

The reference for the SBS-6 is: 

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: an existential psychology of religion. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.

 

Implicit Measures

Supernatural Belief Single-target Implicit Association Test

The Supernatural Belief ST-IAT (Jong et al., 2012) is a single-target IAT, designed and validated for measuring implicit associations between religious concepts and existential concepts. Items in the SB ST-IAT were based on the SBS above. 

Download SB ST-IAT instructions here. For Javascript code for Qualtrics, please contact me.

The SB ST-IAT is also described here:

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: an existential psychology of religion. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.

 

Supernatural Belief Property Verification Task

The Supernatural Belief PVT (Jong et al., 2012) is a simple classification task, in which participants classical supernatural entities as either real or imaginary. 

Download SB PVT instructions here

The SB PVT is also described here:

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: an existential psychology of religion. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.